Malaysia may be a country in geographic region. The federal constitutional autarchy consists of 13 states and 3 federal territories, separated by the South China ocean into 2 regions, terra firma Asian country and Borneo’s territory. terra firma Asian country shares a land and maritime border with Asian nation and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Dutch East Indies. territory shares land and maritime borders with Negara Brunei Darussalam and Dutch East Indies and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. capital of Malaysia is that the city and largest town whereas Putrajaya is that the seat of the central. With a population of over thirty two million, Asian country is that the world’s 43th-most inhabited country. The south purpose of continental continent is in Tanjung Piai. within the tropics, Asian country is one among seventeen megadiverse countries, home to variety of endemic species.

Malaysia has its origins within the Malay kingdoms that, from the eighteenth century, became subject to British Empire, in conjunction with British Straits Settlements associated state. terra firma Asian country was unified because the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaysia was restructured because the Federation of Malaysia in 1948 and achieved independence on thirty one August 1957. Malaysia united with Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore on sixteen Sep 1963 to become Asian country. In 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation.

Holidays and Festivals

Malaysians observe variety of holidays and festivities throughout the year. Some area unit federally gazetted public holidays and a few area unit ascertained by individual states. alternative festivals area unit ascertained by specific ethnic or faith teams, and also the main vacation of every major cluster has been declared a public vacation. the foremost ascertained holiday is Hari Merdeka (Independence Day) on thirty one August, ceremony the independence of the Federation of Malaysia in 1957. Asian country Day on sixteen Sep commemorates federation in 1963. alternative notable national holidays area unit Labour Day (1 May) and also the King’s birthday (first week of June).

Hari Raya Puasa (also known as Hari Raya Aidilfitri, Malay for Eid al-Fitr), Hari Raya hadji (also known as Hari Raya Aidiladha, Malay for Eid ul-Adha), Maulidur Rasul (birthday of the Prophet), et al. being ascertained.  Malaysian Chinese celebrate festivals like Chinese yr et al. about ancient Chinese beliefs. Wesak Day is ascertained and celebrated by Chinese Buddhists and Buddhists from varied minority ethnic teams like Thais, Sri Lankans and Burmese etc. Hindus in Asian country celebrate Deepawali, the competition of lights, whereas Thaipusam may be a religious ritual that sees pilgrims from everywhere the country converge at the Batu Caves. Malaysia’s Christian community celebrates most of the vacations ascertained by Christians elsewhere, most notably Christmas and Easter. additionally to the current, the Dayak community in territorial dominion celebrate a harvest competition called Gawai, and also the Kadazandusun community celebrate Kaamatan. Despite most festivals being known with a specific ethnic or spiritual cluster, celebrations area unit universal. in a very custom called “open house” Malaysians participate within the celebrations of others, typically visiting the homes of these World Health Organization determine with the competition.


Malaysia’s road network is one amongst the foremost comprehensive in Asia and covers a complete of one hundred forty four,403 kilometres (89,728 mi). the most national road network is that the Malaysian Federal Roads System, that span over forty nine,935 km (31,028 mi). Most of the federal roads in Asian country area unit 2-lane roads. In city areas, federal roads might become 4-lane roads to extend traffic capability. Nearly all federal roads area unit paved  with tarmac apart from elements of the Skudai–Pontian main road that area unit paved  with concrete, whereas elements of the Federal main road linking Klang to Malaysian capital area unit paved  with asphalt. Asian country has over one,798 kilometres (1,117 mi) of main roads and therefore the longest highway, the North–South main road, extends over 800 kilometres (497 mi) on the West Coast of earth Asian country, connecting major urban centres like Malaysian capital, Penang and Johor Bahru. In 2015, the govt proclaimed a RM27 billion (US$8.23 billion) Pan-Borneo main road project to upgrade all trunk roads to dual-carriageway expressways, delivery the quality of East Malaysian highways to identical level of quality as earth highways.

There area unit presently one,833 kilometres (1,139 mi) of railways in Asian country, of that 767 kilometer (477 mi) area unit double half-tracked and electrified. Rail transport in Asian country includes significant rail (KTM), lightweight mass rapid transit and railway (Rapid Rail), and a railway system line (Penang Hill Railway). significant rail is usually used for intercity traveller and freight transport in addition as some urban transport, whereas LRTs area unit used for intra-city urban transport. There area unit 2 commuter rail services linking Malaysian capital with the Malaysian capital International flying field. the only real railway line within the country is employed for transport in Malaysian capital, whereas the sole railway system line is in Penang. A mass rapid transit project, the KVMRT, is presently below construction to boost Kuala Lumpur’s transport system. The railway network covers most of the eleven states in earth Asian country. In dominion, solely the state of territory has railways. The network is additionally connected to the Thai railway one,000 metric linear unit (3 foot three three in) network within the north. If the Asian nation Railway is remodeled, services to Asian nation, India, and China can be initiated. Asian country conjointly operated the KTM ETS, (commercially referred to as ETS, short for ‘Electric Train Service’) Associate in Nursing inter-city rail traveller service operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad exploitation electrical multiple-unit trains. The KTM ETS is that the second electrical train service to be operated by the Malaysian railway company, when the KTM Komuter service. the road length is 755km (Padang Besar – Gemas) and extra 197km from Gemas to Johor Bahru Sentral that is below construction.

Malaysia has eleven eight airports, of that thirty eight area unit paved . The national airline is Asian country Airlines, providing international and domestic air services. Major international routes and domestic routes crossing between land Asian country and {east malaysia|East Asian country|district|territory|territorial dominion|dominion} area unit served by Malaysia Airlines, AirAsia and Malindo Air whereas smaller domestic routes area unit supplemented by smaller airlines like MASwings, Firefly and Berjaya Air. Major lading airlines embrace MASkargo and Transmile Air Services. {kuala lumpur|Kuala Lumpur|Malaysian capital|capital of Asian country|national capital} International flying field is that the main and busiest flying field of Malaysia. In 2014, it absolutely was the world’s thirteenth busiest flying field by international traveller traffic, recording over twenty five.4 million international traveller traffic. it absolutely was conjointly the world’s twentieth busiest flying field by traveller traffic, recording over forty eight.9 million passengers. different major airports embrace Kota Kinabalu International flying field, that is additionally Malaysia’s second busiest flying field and busiest flying field in dominion with over half dozen.9 million passengers in 2013, and Penang International flying field, that serves Malaysia’s second largest geographical area, with over 5.4 million passengers in 2013.