Armenia could be a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with AN ancient cultural heritage. Urartu was established in 860 B.C. and by the sixth century B.C. it had been replaced by the Satrapy of Asian nation. the dominion of Asian nation reached its height below Tigranes the nice within the first century B.C. and have become the primary state within the world to adopt Christianity as its official faith within the late third or early fourth century AD. The official date of state adoption of Christianity is 301. the traditional Armenian kingdom was split between the Byzantine and Sasanian Empires round the early fifth century. below the Bagratuni kinsfolk, the Bagratid Kingdom of Asian nation was rebuilt within the ninth century. Declining thanks to the wars against the Byzantines, the dominion fell in 1045 and Asian nation was before long once invaded by the Seljuk Turks. AN Asian nationn demesne and later a kingdom Cilician Armenia was set on the coast of the Mediterranean between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries.
Between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, the standard Armenia fatherland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came below the rule of the Ottoman and Iranian empires, repeatedly dominated by either of the 2 over the centuries. By the nineteenth century, jap Asian nation had been conquered by the Russian Empire, whereas most of the western components of the standard Armenian fatherland remained below Ottoman rule. throughout war I, 1.5 million Armenians living within their ancestral lands within the empire were consistently annihilated in the Armenian racial extermination. In 1918, following the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian countries declared their independence once the Russian Empire ceased to exist, resulting in the institution of the primary Republic of Asian nation. By 1920, the state was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, and in 1922 became a start member of the land. In 1936, the Transcaucasian state was dissolved, reworking its constituent states, as well as the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, into full Union republics. the trendy Republic of Asian nation became freelance in 1991 throughout the dissolution of the land.
The climate in Asian nation is markedly highland continental. Summers area unit hot, dry and sunny, lasting from Gregorian calendar month to time period. The temperature fluctuates between twenty two and thirty six °C (72 and ninety seven °F). However, the low wetness level mitigates the result of high temperatures. Evening breezes processing down the mountains give a welcome refreshing and cooling result. Springs area unit short, whereas autumns area unit long. Autumns area unit best-known for his or her spirited and vibrant foliage.
Winters area unit quite cold with many snow, with temperatures locomote between −10 and −5 °C (14 and twenty three °F). Winter sports enthusiasts get pleasure from sport down the hills of Tsakhkadzor, set thirty minutes outside Erivan. Lake Sevan, snuggled up within the Armenian highlands, is that the second largest lake within the world relative to its altitude, at 1,900 metres (6,234 ft) higher than water level.